The Prophet's successful leadership and benevolence during Hajj

9228 0 725

Allah, Almighty, gave the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) perfect moral values. He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) therefore fulfilled all the requirements of ideal benevolence and successful leadership. People came to him with open hearts. They raced to perform the Hajj with him when they learned of his intention to perform this important pillar of Islam. Everyone wanted to accompany him and be under his banner. Thus, some one hundred thousand pilgrims performed the Hajj with him. [Muslim] They all were desirous of following his example and of having first hand knowledge from him. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) left a profound impression on their souls. He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) gave them the best guidance and for them he was an exemplary leader. In fact, he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) was the greatest leader and inspirer the world had ever seen. Following are just a few examples in this regard:

i)  His modesty
Modesty is one of the attributes of good conduct for which Allah rewards his servants. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated, "Allah will elevate those who worship Him in humility." [Ibn Maajah] Modesty in fact, was an order from Allah to the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ). Allah Says (what means): "And lower your wing to the believers who follow you." [Quran, 26:215] Thus, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) obeyed Allah, and attained an unsurpassable degree of modesty. This was seen during his Hajj on different occasions:
He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) refused to receive any special treatment as he insisted on drinking from the same basin as everybody else, although people were dipping their hands into the water. "I don't want it," he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said when they offered to bring him clean water, "Give me some of the water that people are drinking." [Al-Bukhari]
 
He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) also allowed Usaamah Ibn Zayd, may Allah be pleased with him, to ride behind him in public from 'Arafah to Muzdalifah. [Muslim]
 
He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) stopped to listen to a woman from the public to answer her question. [Muslim]
 
ii)    His mercy
 During the Hajj, the Prophet's  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) mercy for the people can be seen on many occasions:
The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) ordered those who did not offer Hady to end their state of Ihraam completely; this would permit them to have sex with their wives, to be dressed in their normal clothes, and to wear perfume. This was an act of mercy for the nation and alleviation of their burden. [Muslim]
 
He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) combined Asr (afternoon) and Thuhr (noon) prayers at 'Arafah, [Al-Bukhari], and delayed his prayers when he per-formed Ifaadhah (moved) to Muzdalifah, [Al-Bukhari], thereby making it easier for the people to perform the rituals. Indeed it would have been difficult for the pilgrims to dismount and unpack several times. In so doing, the pilgrims were able to halt their camels and put their belongings at the same spot where they spent the night.
 
The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) gave permission to the weak to perform Ifaadhah, (to leave) from Muzdalifah ahead of the rest of the pilgrims at night, right after the moon had set. Thus, they were able to perform their rituals easily and comfortably on Slaughter Day before the others. [Al-Bukhari]
 
At the time when pilgrims went to spend the night in Mina, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) permitted his uncle Al-'Abbaas, may Allah be pleased with him, to stay in Makkah to continue providing people with drinking water. [At-Tirmithi]
 
Further, he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) allowed shepherds to cast their Jimaar (pebbles) in one day instead of two after Slaughter Day. [Muslim]
 
Being merciful to his people, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) would sometimes perform the rituals in a less favorable manner than they should ideally be performed. For example, he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) performed Tawaaf on his camel back and touched the Black Stone with a stick instead of kissing it or touching it with his hand. He did not perform Tawaaf or Sa'y on foot, which would have been better because he did not want people to be turned away or get hurt in his presence. [Muslim]
 
iii)  His magnanimity
The good deeds of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) as leader of the pilgrims during the Hajj were countless and evident for all around. Here are just few examples:
 
The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) was so generous in giving alms and charities, that he gave away the one hundred badanas (sacrificial camels)—including their meat, hides and coverings. [Muslim] He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) also donated in other charities on many occasions. [Al-Bukhari]
 
The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) was so kind to the weak that he mentioned them in his exhortations. [Ahmad]
Committed to saving his people, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) invoked Allah at 'Arafah and Muzdalifah, to accept them and to forgive them their sins. [Ahmad] When asked by a pilgrim to invoke Allah on his behalf, he offered a general invocation and said, "may Allah forgive you all." [At-Tirmithi]
 
He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) spoke clearly and repeatedly to the pilgrims, giving them general information but without going into details. He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) dealt with the fundamentals of Islam, explained the grave sins and clarified some principles so that people would better understand them. [Al-Bukhari]
 
 iv)  His patience
During his Hajj, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) showed all of the three types of patience simultaneously. He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) was most enduring in obeying Allah's commands and offering sacrifices. He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) did it in complete relaxation, tranquility and submissiveness to Allah. [Al-Bukhari]
 
The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) was a most religious, most knowledgeable and most observant of Allah's limits and never transgressed them. The patience and endurance he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) exhibited when he led the pilgrims without any sign of complaint or resentment is indeed commendable.
 
 v) His responsibilities
 The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) was keenon perfecting submission and surrender to Allah, and on performing the Hajjrituals perfectly. He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) was the leader of thepilgrims and in charge of their general unity and welfare. Additionally, he wasthe educator and guide of these massive crowds, teaching them good and warningthem against evil. He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) was doing his utmost toconvey his message and to explain Islamic rulings in a perfectmanner.
 
 vi)  His leniency
The Prophet's  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) leniency during the Hajj is exemplified on different occasions:
 
He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) took shelter in the shade and moved between the sacred sites on camel back. Had he done otherwise, it would have been difficult for the Muslims to follow his example. [Muslim]
 
He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) also appeared publicly during the Hajj, so pilgrims had no difficulty in following in his footsteps and asking his opinion about whatever problems they had. [Abu Daawood]
 
He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) made matters easier for pilgrims, and never asked them to do anything beyond their capacity, whether in performing the rituals or in leading them and shouldering the responsibility for them. [Al-Bukhari]
 
Moreover, he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) did not come near the Ka'bah after the Tawaaf of arrival until he had returned from 'Arafah, [Abu Daawood], and settled in Mina on the Days of Tashreeq. This leniency is clearly shown when he did not go to Haram until he was ready to leave Makkah. [Al-Bukhari]
 
Further, he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) ordered his companions, may Allah be pleased with them, to be kind to themselves. Upon seeing a man walking and leading his badana (sacrificial camel), the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said to him "Ride on it." "It is a badana (a camel intended as a ritual sacrifice)," the man replied." "Ride on it, woe to you," the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said (woe to you) on the second or third time. [Muslim]

Related Articles

Hajj virtues