Quranic Verse on Stoning Adulterers
Fatwa No: 85019

Question

Where can I find in the Holy Qur'an the verse that states stoning (stoning a married man/woman if they commit adultery (Zina)?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

The verse that states the ruling of stoning was revealed to the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and then abrogated as a text in the Quran, but its ruling has been still valid and effective.

‘Umar Ibn al-Khattab  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him narrated: “Allah, The Exalted, has sent Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) with the truth and He has sent down the Quran on him, and among the revealed verses was the verse of stoning. I recited it, retained it to my memory and comprehended it. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) stoned adulterers to death and we did the same after him. So, I fear that, with the lapse of time, someone will say: we do not find the ruling of stoning in the Quran. Then, they become astray due to giving up one of the obligations that Allah, The Exalted, has revealed.

The stoning is due upon a married person (whether a man or a woman) who commit Zina if there is a clear evidence, or pregnancy, or confession. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) read the verse of stoning to death as (what means): “If ash-Shaykh and al-Shaykha (i.e. a married man/woman) commit Zina (adultery), you have to stone them to death as a form of torture of Allah. And Allah is The Almighty, The All-Wise.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Allah knows best.

Related Fatwa