The names of the chapters of the Quran are determined by revelation
Fatwa No: 91588

Question

Who is the first one who named the chapters of the Quran?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. We ask Allaah to exalt his mention as well as that of his family and all his companions.

 

The scholars may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them differed in opinion whether or not the naming of the chapters of the Quran was determined by revelation. As-Sayooti may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said: 'It is confirmed that the names of the chapters of the Quran are determined by Prophetic narrations and statements of the companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them.'

What As-Sayooti may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said is confirmed in some Prophetic narrations. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: "The Quran and the people who used to act upon it will be brought on the Day of Judgement, and at its beginning will be the chapter of Al-Baqarah (the Cow) and Aal-'Imraan (the family of Imraan)." [Muslim, At-Tirmithi, and Ahmad]

Therefore, the first person who named the chapters of the Quran is the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) (through revelation).

Allaah Knows best.

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