Meaning of Quran 9:128-129
Fatwa No: 103283

Question

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and may his blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions. Dear Sheikh my question is regarding the last two verses of Surah At-Taubah i.e. {Verily, there has come unto you a Messenger (Muhammad SAW) from amongst yourselves (i.e. whom you know well). It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty. He (Muhammad SAW) is anxious over you (to be rightly guided, to repent to Allâh, and beg Him to pardon and forgive your sins, in order that you may enter Paradise and be saved from the punishment of the Hell-fire), for the believers (heis) full of pity, kind, and merciful. But if they turn away, say (O Muhammad SAW): "Allâh is sufficient for me. Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), in Him I put my trust and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne."} [9: 128-129] Can you explain me the brief the above two verses. Does it means that when a pious muslim receives any injury or difficulty our beloved Prophet Muhammad (sws) grieves for that. Do Angels inform him about by the difficulties and hardship being faced by a particular Muslim or by the Muslim Ummah. Also my question is that when we repent and beg to Allah All Mighty during our prayers to forgive our sins, after sending duroods to our beloved prophet Muhammad Mustafa (sws), can we request prophet Muhammad Mustafa (sws) to pray to Allah (swt) for remove our difficulties, hardship and worries. Is that a sin. Jazakaallahu Khaira

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

 

Allaah Says (what means): {There has certainly come to you a Messenger from among yourselves. Grievous to him is what you suffer; [he is] concerned over you [i.e. your guidance] and to the believers is kind and merciful. But if they turn away, [O Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )], say, “Sufficient for me is Allaah; there is no deity except Him. On Him I have relied, and He is the Lord of the Great Throne.”}[Quran 9:128-129]

In these two verses, Allaah reminds the Muslim nation of His Bounties on them by sending the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) as a Messenger and clarifies the perfect qualities and attitudes of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ). The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is especially concerned about them being guided and becoming believers and embracing Islam and fears for them the indulgent in sins and subsequently being subjected to the punishment of Allaah. If they believe, then this is good, and if not then Allaah is sufficient for him  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) should rely on Him.

This is the overall meaning of the above two verses. They are about the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) during his life and when he was propagating Islam, but they do not mean that he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) in his Barzakh life, [life in the grave after death] knows or is informed about the hardship that a Muslim experiences, and as a result, he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) feels pain due to that.

The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) died like all other Prophets, may Allaah exalt their mention, and he is in the Barzakh life and we do not know exactly what takes place there.

Furthermore, it is not permissible for a Muslim to ask the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) after his death to remove his hardship and so forth. Had this been permissible, the companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them would have definitely preceded us in doing so as they were more keen on performing good deeds than anyone else, and they experienced many calamities and afflictions but they did not do so.

A Muslim should directly supplicate Allaah. Allaah Says (what means): {And your Lord says, Call upon Me; I will respond to you.}[Quran 40:60] For more benefit, please refer to Fataawa receiving the news of his nation while in his grave">86057 and died and is buried in Madeenah">86435.

Finally, it should be mentioned that there is a Hadeeth that the actions of the Muslim nation are presented to the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) in his grave but the scholars  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them classified it as weak.

Allaah Knows best.

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