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Ruling on retracting from completing a sale due to discovering the market value


Assalamu Alaikum, I intended to sell a used cycle. I was ignorant of the market price for that cycle so I just assumed its price and posted an ad. Later when a buyer came and we agreed fixing a price, we took the cycle to inspection and there the worker said that the market price of that cycle was more than what I earlier agreed upon. I cancelled the transaction with the buyer at that price as my offer price was less than market price. Was this act wrong?Please advise what should I do in such scenarios. I later sold it to another person at the near market price.


All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

If what happened between you and the first man was merely an appointment for a sale, after inspecting the cycle, withdrawing from completing the sale due to discovering the market value is permissible, albeit disliked, due to the breach of the promise if it does not result in harm to the one promised. Otherwise, you are obligated to finalize the sale or bear the damage incurred by the other party due to the promise, such as the cost he incurred in inspecting the cycle. In such a case, you should reimburse him for his expenses.

If, however, what happened between you was a valid and complete sale before inspecting the cycle, the ruling differs, and it is not valid for you to annul the contract without the consent of the other party. This entails a set of rulings.

Therefore, we hope you clarify the actual circumstances for a more accurate answer.

Allah knows best.

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