Devoting all one's prayers to sending blessings upon the Prophet
Fatwa No: 248305

  • Fatwa Date:14-4-2014 - Jumaadaa Al-Aakhir 14, 1435
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Question

salam.dear sheikh what is the meaning of hadith in which a companion decided to allocate all his prayer as salawaat on the prohet peace be upon him

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

The Hadeeth which you referred to was narrated by Ubayy  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him who said: “I said: "O Messenger of Allaah, I send much blessings upon you. What proportion of my prayer should I devote to you?" He said, "As much as you wish." I said, "A quarter?" He said, "As much as you wish, and if you increased it, then this would be better for you." I said, "Then a half?" He said, "As much as you wish, and if you increased it, then this would be better for you.” I said, "Then two thirds?" He said, "As much as you wish, and if you increased it, then this would be better for you." I said, "I'll devote all of my prayers to sending blessings upon you." Thereupon the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “In that case, it will suffice you from your worries and your sins will be forgiven." [Ahmad and At-Tirmithi who classified it as Hasan (good)]

Also, in Tuhfatul Al-Ahwathi, reported by Ahmad and Al-Haakim who classified it as Saheeh (sound), and in a narration by Ahmad that Ubayy  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him said: A man said: “O Messenger of Allaah, what do you think if I reserve all my prayers to you? He said: If you do so, Allaah Almighty will suffice you your worries of this worldly life and the Hereafter." Al-Munthiri said: "Its chain of narrators is good.” Al-Qaari said: “There are many narrations of the same Hadeeth, and in a narration he [the narrator] said: "I pray by night" instead of saying "I send much blessings upon you"; so his saying ‘What proportion of my prayer should I devote to you’; means: instead of my prayer by night.”

As regards the meaning of the words: (What proportion of my prayer should I devote to you?), i.e. instead of my supplication that I supplicate for myself; this is what Al-Qaari said. Al-Munthiri said in At-Targheeb: "This means: I make a lot of supplication; how much supplications should I reserve to you from my supplications, (he said: as much as you wish), meaning you may allocate any proportion that you wish, and his saying: (I said I will reserve all my supplications for you), meaning I will devote my supplications to you all the time that I used to supplicate for myself; (he said: in this case, it will suffice you from your worries) the worries is whatever a person needs in this worldly life and the Hereafter; meaning if you devote all the time of your supplications in sending blessings upon me, you will be given your aspirations of this worldly life and of the Hereafter.” [Excerpted from Tuhfatul Al-Ahwathi]

So, this Companion wanted to devote the time that he used to supplicate for himself for sending blessings upon the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ). The Fatwa of the Permanent Committee reads: “The Hadeeth does not negate that a person supplicates his Lord and asks Him all his needs with legitimate supplications, and sends as much prayers on the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) as possible; so one should do both.

Allaah Knows best.

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